At West Toronto's Kaplan Dental Clinic, our team of dental professionals are trained to work closely with you to help prevent and treat the symptoms associated with gum disease.
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is a disorder that causes damage of varying extents to the gums, bone, ligaments and other structures that surround and support the health of your teeth.
The main cause of gum disease is the build-up of bacteria (plaque) that ultimately leads to the infection of the gums.
Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease is primarily caused by bacteria.
We all have bacteria on our teeth in the form of “plaque”, however, if you do not brush, floss, and visit the dentist regularly to remove this plaque, it will build up and harden and form tartar.
The longer that plaque and tartar remain on the teeth without treatment, the more serious they will become.
Gingivitis & Periodontitis
Over time, the bacteria on your teeth will cause severe and painful inflammation of the gums (gingivitis).
Fortunately, gingivitis is still the early stages of gum disease and can be treated by visiting your dentist and by regular brushing and flossing.
If you do not treat gum disease in the early stages, it will progress into advanced gum disease (periodontitis).
With periodontitis, the gums will become more severely infected and the bone and connective tissues that are responsible for holding the structure of your teeth in place will begin to deteriorate.
If periodontitis is continued to be left untreated, your teeth will eventually become loose and will fall out or have to removed by your dentist.
Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Bleeding gums when brushing and flossing
- Tender and sensitive gums
- Swollen gums
- Shiny, bright red gums
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth (in adults)
- Long looking teeth
- Visible tartar build-up
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Pain or discomfort in the mouth
How You Can Prevent Gum Disease
Gum disease is very easily prevented if you practice a consistent oral hygiene routine and if you visit your dentist on a regular basis.
Be sure to visit your dentist at least twice a year and to brush and floss twice a day to prevent gum disease to keep your teeth and mouth as healthy as possible.